Islam, Marriage Law and the Legal Framework of England and Wales
This article examines Islam and in Contemporary England and Wales, and asks what issues faced by Muslims may reveal about the legal landscape more widely, using marriage law as a case study. It opens with an overview of Religion, Islam and the Legal Framework in England and Wales, before addressing the modern Law on the solemnisation of marriages and current proposals for reform. It then moves to examine the conscious choice of some Muslims to enter into purely religious marriages, and asks what this reveals about Muslim communities and the overarching legal framework. In the concluding section, the piece then addresses what can be learnt about two observable realities from marriage law: 1) the Continued Problematisation of Muslims and Muslim Communities in popular and academic perception, and 2) the significance of unregistered religious marriages for other voluntary adult partnerships outside of the system of state registration.
Derechos de autor 2022 Javier Garcia Oliva, Helen Hall
Esta obra está bajo una licencia internacional Creative Commons Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 4.0.
ABDULLA, M., “Culture, Religion, and Freedom of Religion or Belief”, The Review of Faith & International Affairs, 16:4, 2018.
ADOGAME, A. AND SHANKAR, S., Religion on the Move: New Dynamics of Religious Expansion in a Globalising World , Brill, Leiden, 2012.
AKHTAR, R., “Religious Only Marriages: Cohabitation: Deciphering Difference”, in AKHTAR, R., NASH, P. AND PROBERT, R., Cohabitation and Religious Marriage: Status, Similarities and Solutions, Bristol University Press, Bristol, 2020.
ALSTON, M., Women, Political Struggles and Gender Equality in South Asia, Palgrave Macmillan, London, 2014.
ARSHAD, R., “From Void Marriage to No Marriage: A Step Back for. Minority Women”, Family Law, 2020, pág. 767.
BAILEY HARRIS, R., “Marriage H M Attorney General v Akhter, Khan and Others”, Family Law, April 50, 2020.
BARTLETT, P. AND WRIGHT, D. (eds), Outside of the Walls of the Asylum: The History of Care in the Community 1750-2000, Bloomsbury, London, 1999.
BOWEN, J., On British Islam: Religion, Law and Everyday Practice in Sharia Councils, Princeton University Press, Princeton, 2016.
BURBERGS, M., “How the Right to Respect for Private and Family Life, Home and Correspondence Became the Nursery in which New Rights are Born”, in GERARDS, J. AND BREMS, E. (eds), Shaping Rights in the ECHR: The Role of the European Court of Human Rights in Determining the Scope of Human Rights, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2013
CARROLL, J., AND POLLOCK, J., “Owens v Owens: Unreasonable Law not Unreasonable Behaviour?”, The Law Society, 25/7/2015.
CHAMBERS, C., PHILLIPS, R., ALI, N., HOPKINS, P. AND PANDE, R., “Sexual misery’ or ‘happy British Muslims’?, Contemporary depictions of Muslim sexuality”, Ethnicities, 19(1), 2019, págs. 66-94.
CHOUDHRY, S., Multifaceted Identity of Interethnic Young People: Chameleon Identities, Routledge, London, 2010.
COUDERT, A., Religion, Magic and Science in Early Modern Europe and America, ACB Clio, London, 2011, pág. 138.
CUMMINGS, T., “Akhter v Khan: Recognising (or not recognising) religious marriages in the UK”, Oxford Human Rights Hub , 7/3/2020, (https://ohrh.law.ox.ac.uk/akhter-v-khan-recognising-or-not-recognising-religious-marriages-in-the-uk/)
DOE, N., The Law of the Church in Wales, University of Wales Press, Cardiff, 2002.
DUFFY, E., The Stripping of the Altars: Traditional Religion in England 1400-1580, Yale University Press, New Haven, 2005.
ELVER, H., The Headscarf Controversy: Secularism and Freedom of Religion, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2014.
ELYSHAYYAL, K., Scottish Muslims in Numbers: Understanding Scotland’s Muslim Population through the 2011 census, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, 2011.
GAINER, J., “The Road to Disestablishment”, in DOE, N., A New History of the Church in Wales: Governance and Ministry, Theology and Society, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2020.
GARCÍA OLIVA, J. AND HALL, H., Law, Religion and the Constitution: Balancing Beliefs in Britain, Routledge: Abingdon, 2018.
GARCÍA OLIVA, J. AND HALL, H., “Religious Decision Making and the Capacity of Children in the United Kingdom”, Laicidad y Libertades, 2013.
GILLIAT-RAY, S., Muslims in Britain: An Introduction, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2010, págs. 181-205.
HARGREAVES, J., KESSLER, E., IZAMOJE, D. AND SYMON, A., How We Get Along: The Diversity Study of England and Wales 2020, The Woolf Institute, Cambridge, 2020.
HART, H., “Positivism and the Separation of Law and Morals”, Harvard Law Review, 71(4), 1958, págs. 593-629.
HILL, A., “Cohabiting Couples Fasted Growing Family Type Say ONS”, The Guardian, 7/8/2019, (https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2019/aug/07/cohabiting-couples-fastest-growing-family-type-ons#:~:text=More%20than%20two%2Dthirds%20of,%25%2C%20equating%20to%203.4%20million, consulta: 17/10/2022).
INNES, J., “People and Power in British Politics to 1850”, in INNES, J. AND PHILIP, M. (eds), Re-Imagining Democracy in the Age of Revolutions, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2015.
JONES, S. AND UNSWORTH, A., The Dinner Table Prejudice: Islamophobia in Contemporary Britain, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, 2022.
JULIOS, C., Forced Marriage and Honour Killings in Britain, Taylor and Francis, London, 2016.
KHAN, A’, “Ethic Diversity Makes Britain’s Culture Great: It would be a disaster if we lost it”, The Guardian, 10/7/2019, (https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/jul/10/diversity-uk-britain-culture-arts-sport, consulta: 22/10/2022).
KHURI, F., Imams and Emirs: State, Religion and Sects in Islam, Saqi Books, London, 2014.
MARTINEZ TORRÓN, J., Religion and Law in Spain, Kluwer, 2nd edición, 2018.
MIDDLETON, N., Jesus and Women, Lutterworth Press, London, 2022.
Muslim Council of Britain, “British Muslims in Numbers Briefing”, 9/5/2016, (https://mcb.org.uk/resources/ consulta: 1/11/2022).
Muslim Women Network UK, “Unheard Voices: The Sexual Exploitation of Asian Girls and Young Women”, September 2013, ( https://www.mwnuk.co.uk/reports.php)
PATEL, S., “Akhter v Khan: The law is clarified by reform needed”, Shoosmiths, 19/2/2020, (https://www.shoosmiths.co.uk/insights/legal-updates/akhter-v-khan-the-law-is-clarified-but-reform-is-needed
PATEL, S., “The Big Islamic Nikah Myth”, Family Law, 9/7/2014, (https://www.familylaw.co.uk/news_and_comment/the-big-islamic-nikah-myth)
PICTON, H., A Short History of the Church of England: From the Reformation to the Present Day, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, Cambridge, 2015.
PITCHER, B., The Politics of Multiculturalism: Race and Racism in Contemporary Britain, Springer, London, 2009.
PROBERT, R., Tying the Knot, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2021.
SANDBERG, R., “Marital Problems: The Law Commission’s Consultation Paper and “non-qualifying” Wedding Ceremonies”, Ecclesiastical Law Journal, 23(2), 2021.
STURROCK, G., “Islamic Marriage and Divorce in Scotland: Will the English decision in Akhter v Khan change the position?”, Family Law, 24/10/2018, (https://www.familylaw.co.uk/news_and_comment/islamic-marriage-and-divorce-in-scotland-will-the-english-decision-of-akhter-v-khan-change-the-position)
STRMISKA, M., Modern Paganism in World Cultures: Comparative Perspectives, ABC CLIO, London, 2005, pág. 40.
VICKERS, L., “The Relationship Between Religious Diversity and Secular Models: An Equality Based Perspective”, in FOBLETS, M., ALIDADI, K., NIELSEN, J. AND YANASMAYAN, Z. (eds), Belief, Law and Politics: What Future for a Secular Europe, Routledge, London, 2014.
VORA, V., “Unregistered Muslim Marriages in the United Kingdom”, in Oberauer, N., Legal Pluralism in Islamic Contexts, Brill, Leiden, 2019.