Riparia, Vol 3 (2017)

MARE NOSTRUM ET MARE ERYTHRAEUM: EL CANAL DEL WADI TUMILAT

Jordi Pérez González

Abstract


This work focuses on the study of the canal that in the past linked the Nile with the Red Sea. Control over the Nile through an artificial canal allowed the Egyptians to use water as means to increase mobility, which permitted a higher transit of goods and people between the river delta and the Gulf of Suez. In addition to being used to irrigate the territory crossing Wadi Tumilat, and as a defense against the enemies from the East, the Egyptian canal that started at the Pelusiac arm was used mainly to import sumptuary goods from the East and to export grain and other products to the East. Also, fluvial transit through the canal reduced travel time and increased the amount of goods being transported.


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