El consentimiento de las relaciones sexuales. Un análisis de su significado y las variables implicadas

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DOI

https://doi.org/10.25267/REJUCRIM.2023.i8.10

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ANÁLISIS
277-292
Publicado: 21-12-2023
PlumX

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Resumen

El estudio del consentimiento sexual está muy presente en las investigaciones sobre los delitos sexuales, porque es el aspecto central para reconocer si una relación ha sido aceptada o, por el contrario se considera una agresión sexual. El modelo de consentimiento afirmativo promulgado por la Ley Orgánica 10/2022, de 6 de septiembre, de garantía integral de la libertad sexual describe la obligación de prestar una voluntad clara para considerar que una relación sexual es consentida. No obstante, el consentimiento no tiene una definición clara, y es un asunto complejo que tienen muchos matices, aristas y  variables que la literatura científica ha tratado de analizar. La forma en que las personas perciben las señales de los demás durante este proceso es un aspecto importante del consentimiento. Los hallazgos han mostrado que el consentimiento sexual puede expresarse mediante comunicación verbal o no verbal, de manera directa o indirecta. En algunos contextos, además, se ha considerado que la actitud pasiva también puede expresar un consentimiento. Las investigaciones han evidenciado que existe una discrepancia entre los elementos requeridos en las disposiciones legales, de la forma en la que las personas participan en sus relaciones sexuales. El presente artículo describe la situación actual de la investigación sobre cómo las personas se involucran en el “consentimiento sexual” con el objetivo de servir como referencia para el diseño de estrategias de divulgación e investigaciones futuras.

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de la Torre Laso, J. (2023). El consentimiento de las relaciones sexuales. Un análisis de su significado y las variables implicadas. Revista De Estudios Jurídicos Y Criminológicos, (8), 277–292. https://doi.org/10.25267/REJUCRIM.2023.i8.10

Citas

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