La Escala del Contacto con la Naturaleza (ECN): Una herramienta para medir el contacto directo con el medio natural

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DOI

https://doi.org/10.25267/Rev_educ_ambient_sostenibilidad.2023.v5.i2.2102

Información

Fundamentos en EA y S
2102
Publicado: 18-10-2023
PlumX

Autores/as

  • Fran Martinez Manchon (ES) Escuela de Doctorado, Universidad Católica de Valencia “San Vicente Mártir”, España.
  • Pablo Vidal González (ES) Facultad de Ciencias de la Actividad Física, Universidad Católica de Valencia “San Vicente Mártir”, España.
  • Marta Martín Rodriguez (ES) Facultad de Ciencias de la Actividad Física, Universidad Católica de Valencia “San Vicente Mártir”, España.
  • Ana Šimunić (HR) Department of Psychology, University of Zadar, Croatia.

Resumen

Introducción: Existen pocos cuestionarios y/o escalas que evalúen la relación que tenemos los humanos con el medio natural y ninguno de ellos se encuentra en idioma español. El objetivo del estudio es traducir y validar la escala Nature Exposure Scale-II, la cual mide la exposición directa con el medio natural. Materiales y métodos: Estudio realizado con la colaboración de la Universidad Católica de Valencia a partir de una muestra de 200 estudiantes universitarios. Se realizó la traducción de la escala mediante un procedimiento estructurado. Tras la traducción se realizó un estudio observacional transversal para confirmar su validez y consistencia, mediante el α de Cronbach para medir la confiabilidad y las cargas factoriales para medir la correlación entre los diferentes ítems. Resultados: En los test de fiabilidad, la escala ha obtenido un α de Cronbach superior a 0,7 y un resultado en el análisis factorial consistente. Discusión: Los resultados obtenidos establecen a la escala como un instrumento válido y fiable para medir el contacto con el medio natural. Conclusión: La Escala del Contacto con la Naturaleza se presenta como una herramienta de utilidad en el campo de investigación de la naturaleza en ámbito de lengua española.

Palabras clave: Naturaleza, Ambientes Naturales, Encuestas, Validez, Traducción.

The Nature Contact Scale: A tool to measure direct contact with the natural environment.

Abstract: Introduction: There are few questionnaires and/or scales that evaluate the relationship we humans have with the natural environment and none of them are in Spanish. The aim of this study is to translate and validate the Nature Exposure Scale-II, which measures direct exposure to the natural environment. Materials and methods: Prospective study, carried out with the collaboration of the Catholic University of Valencia from a sample of 200 university students. The scale was translated by means of a structured procedure. After translation, a cross-sectional observational study was carried out to confirm its validity and consistency, using Cronbach's α to measure reliability and the factor loadings to measure the correlation between the different items. Results: In the reliability tests, the scale has obtained a Cronbach's α greater than 0.7 and a consistent factorial analysis result. Discussion: The results obtained establish the scale as a valid and reliable instrument for measuring contact with the natural environment. Conclusion: The translation of the Nature Exposure Scale-II is presented as a useful tool in the field of nature research in the Spanish-speaking world.

Keywords: Nature, Natural Environments, Surveys, Validity, Translation.

Palabras clave


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