Aplicaciones de la neurofisiología cognitiva y la estimulación cerebral no invasiva al estudio del lenguaje

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Florencia Sanmartino
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0651-8890
Javier J. González-Rosa

Resumen

Los potenciales relacionados con eventos (ERP) son un método de evaluación y de mapeo cerebral que permite entender la dinámica temporal del procesamiento de la información, dotando a la neurociencia de una herramienta de gran valor para escudriñar el procesamiento del lenguaje en niños y adultos, así como en trastornos cerebrales. Su uso está permitiendo comprender con precisión aquellos marcadores cerebrales involucrados en aspectos tan importantes como la adquisición del lenguaje o la integración y los desajustes semánticos y sintácticos. Por otra parte, el empleo de técnicas de estimulación cerebral no invasivas está suponiendo una auténtica revolución en el estudio del lenguaje; es una potente herramienta para la evaluación de aquellas redes cerebrales que lo facilitan o lo inhiben y permite mejorar o corregir sustancialmente el aprendizaje y el rendimiento en pruebas de lectura y comprensión o recuerdo, tanto en población sana como en tratamientos rehabilitadores en población clínica.

Palabras clave
electroencefalografía, potenciales relacionados con eventos, lenguaje, afasia, estimulación cerebral transcraneal ,

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Sanmartino , F., & González-Rosa, J. J. (2020). Aplicaciones de la neurofisiología cognitiva y la estimulación cerebral no invasiva al estudio del lenguaje. Pragmalingüística, (28), 188-211. https://doi.org/10.25267/Pragmalinguistica.2020.i28.10
 
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