El análisis de géneros textuales con fines forenses: nuevas aplicaciones de la pragmática en la sociedad

Contenido principal del artículo

Roser Giménez García
Garazi Jiménez Aragón
Sheila Queralt


Este artículo recoge estudios innovadores recientes que comparten el análisis de géneros textuales a partir de secuencias retóricas (Swales, 1990), y evalúa su potencial de aplicación al ámbito forense. Los resultados muestran que la aplicación de teorías pragmáticas a tipologías textuales forenses como chats abusivos (Chiang y Grant, 2017), sentencias judiciales (Le, King-kui y Ying-Long, 2008) o cartas de indulgencia (Mason, 2011) puede mejorar significativamente el conocimiento sobre dichos textos mediante nuevas perspectivas. En particular, el estudio de secuencias retóricas permite determinar la estructura esperable en un género textual y mejorar técnicas de investigación forense como la ocultación de identidad o metodologías de determinación de la falsedad de una nota de suicidio o de la naturaleza ideológica de un discurso. Este estudio pretende ser un primer paso para adaptar este tipo de investigaciones al contexto español y contribuir a la mejora de la administración de la justicia en España.
Palabras clave
Pragmática, análisis del discurso, Lingüística Forense, secuencias retóricas, géneros textuales

Detalles del artículo

Cómo citar
Giménez García, R., Jiménez Aragón, G., & Queralt, S. (2019). El análisis de géneros textuales con fines forenses: nuevas aplicaciones de la pragmática en la sociedad. Pragmalingüística, (27), 54-70. Recuperado a partir de https://revistas.uca.es/index.php/pragma/article/view/4593


ABAALKHAIL, A. (2015). Rhetorical Moves in an Occluded Genre: A Qualitative Analysis of Suicide Notes. [Tesis de máster]. Carleton University.

ABELEN, E., et al. (1993). “The rhetorical structure of US-American and Dutch fund-raising letters”, Text, 13(3), pp. 323-350.

ARUNDALE, R. B. (2006). “Face as relational and interactional: A communication framework for research in face, facework, and politeness”, Journal of Politeness Research, 2, pp. 193-216.

ASKEHAVE, I. y SWALES, J. M. (2001). “Genre Identification and Communicative Purpose: A Problem and A Possible Solution”, Applied Linguistics, 22(2), pp. 195-212.

BARGIELA-CHIAPPINI, F., y HARRIS, S. J. (1996). “Requests and status in business correspondence”, Journal of Pragmatics, 28, pp. 635-62.

BHATIA, V. K. (1993). Analysing genre: Language use in professional settings. Essex: Pearson Education.

BIBER, D., et al. (2007). Discourse on the Move: Using Corpus Analysis to Describe Discourse Structure. Amsterdam, Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company.

BLACK, P. J., et al. (2015). “A linguistic analysis of grooming strategies of online child sex offenders: Implications for our understanding of predatory sexual behaviour in an increasingly computer-mediated world”, Child Abuse and Neglect, 44, pp. 140-149.

BROWN, G. y YULE, G. (1983). Discourse analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

BROWN, P. y LEVINSON, S. (1987). Politeness: Some Universals in Language Usage. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

BUNTON, D. (2005). “The structure of PhD conclusion chapters”, Journal of English for Academic Purposes, 4(3), pp. 207-224.

CARMODY, E. (2017). “Move maps: A move analysis of chatroom grooming interactions” [Abstract]. The First Annual Centre for Forensic Linguistics (CFL) Symposium Cybercrime: Language and Identities Online. Publicación electrónica: http://docplayer.net/23785380-The-first-annual-centre-for-forensic-linguistics-cfl-symposium-cybercrime-language-and-identities-online-programme.html (fecha de consulta 12/01/2018)

CHAKORN, O. (2006). “Persuasive and politeness strategies in cross-cultural letters of request in the Thai business context”, Journal of Asian Pacific Communication, 16(1), pp. 106-146.

CHIANG, E. y GRANT, T. (2017). “Online grooming: moves and strategies”, Language and Law / Linguagem e Direito, 4(1), pp. 103-141.

CONNOR, U. y UPTON, T. A. (2003). “Linguistic dimensions of direct mail letters”, Meyer, C. y Leistyna, P. (eds.): Corpus analysis: Language structure and language use. Amsterdam: Rodopi, pp. 71-87.

COTOS, E., et al. (2015). “Furthering and applying move/step constructs: Technology-driven marshalling of Swalesian genre theory for EAP pedagogy”, Journal of English for Academic Purposes, 19, pp. 52-72.

GIBBONS, J., y TURELL, M. T. (eds.). (2008). Dimensions of forensic linguistics. John Benjamins Publishing.

GRANT, T. (2007). “Quantifying evidence in forensic authorship analysis”, International Journal of Speech, Language & the Law, 14(1), pp. 1-25.

GRANT, T. y MACLEOD, N. (2016). “Assuming identities online: experimental linguistics applied to the policing of online paedophile activity”, Applied linguistics, 37(1), pp. 50-70.

HENRY, A. y ROSEBERRY, R. L. (2001). “A narrow-angled corpus analysis of moves and strategies of the genre: ‘Letter of Application’”, English for Specific Purposes, 20, pp. 153-167.

HASAN, R. (1989). Language, context, and text: Aspects of language in a social-semiotic perspective. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

JIMÉNEZ ARAGÓN, G. y QUERALT ESTEVEZ, S. (2017). “Forensic linguistic analysis for the identification of political parties in the Basque Country”, Book of Abstracts of 13th Biennial Conference of the International Association of Forensic Linguists, (Porto, julio 2017), pp. 52-53. Porto: University of Porto.

JOSEPH, R., et al. (2014). “Communicative moves in forestry research introductions: Implications for the design of learning materials”, Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 134, pp. 53-69.

LE, C., et al. (2008). “Contrastive analysis of Chinese and American court judgments”, US-China Law Review, 5, pp. 49-58.
MASON, M. (2011). “Examining the rhetorical structure and discursive features of letters of leniency as a genre”, Pragmatics. Quarterly Publication of the International Pragmatics Association (IPrA), 21(1), pp. 111-125.

MORENO, A. I. y SUÁREZ, L. (2008). “A study of critical attitude across English and Spanish academic book reviews”, Journal of English for Academic Purposes, 7(1), pp. 15-26.

O’CONNELL, R. (2003). A typology of cyber sexploitation and online grooming practices. Preston, England: Cyberspace Research Unit, University of Central Lancashire. Publicación electrónica: http://netsafe.org.nz/Doc_Library/racheloconnell1.pdf. (fecha de consulta: 9 enero 2018).

OLSSON, J. (2004). Forensic Linguistics: An Introduction to Language, Crime and the Law. London/New York: Continuum.

PRECHT, K. (1998). “A cross-cultural comparison of letters of recommendation”, English for Specific Purposes, 17(3), pp. 241-265.

SALAGER-MEYER, F. et al. (2007). “Collegiality, critique and the construction of scientific argumentation in medical book reviews: A diachronic approach”, Journal of Pragmatics, 39(10), pp. 1758-1774.

SCHEGLOFF, E. (1990). “The organization of sequences as a source of coherence in talk-in-interaction”, Dorval, B. (ed.), Conversational organization and its development, Norwood, N.J.: Ablex, pp. 51-77.

SHAPERO, J. J. (2011). The language of suicide notes. [Tesis doctoral]. University of Birmingham.

SWALES, J. M. (1981). Aspects of Article Introductions: Aston ESP Research Reports No. 1. Birmingham: Language Studies Unit, Aston University.

SWALES, J. (1990). Genre Analysis: English in academic and research settings. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

SWALES, J. (1996). “Occluded genres in the academy: The case of the submission letter”: Ventola, E. y Mauranen, A. (eds.), Academic writing: Intercultural and textual issues, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing, pp. 45-58.

SWALES, J. y FEAK, C. (2000). English in today’s research world: A writing guide. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.

TORRE, L. y BENDIXEN, M. A. (1988). Direct Mail Fund Raising: Letters that Work. New York: Plenum Press.

TURELL, M. T. (Investigadora principal). (2012-2015). Hacia la consolidación de un índice de similitud/distancia idiolectal (IS/DI) en idiolectometria forense (FFI2012-34601). Universitat Pompeu Fabra.

UPTON, T. A. (2002). “Understanding direct mail letters as a genre”, Journal of Corpus Linguistics, 7(1), pp. 65-85.

WILLIAMS, R., et al. (2013). “Identifying sexual grooming themes used by internet sex offenders”, Deviant Behavior, 34(2), pp. 135-152.